What is Abdominal Distension (Distended Abdomen)?

What is Abdominal Distension (Distended Abdomen)?

Abdominal distension, commonly known as a distended abdomen, refers to the abnormal swelling or enlargement of the abdominal area.

This condition is characterized by an increase in the girth or circumference of the abdomen, resulting in a visibly bloated or swollen appearance. Abdominal distension can occur due to various factors, including the accumulation of gas, overeating, constipation, fluid retention, pregnancy, gastrointestinal disorders, or the presence of tumors or masses in the abdominal cavity.

The visible expansion of the abdominal wall is often accompanied by sensations of fullness, discomfort, or mild pain. While occasional and mild abdominal distension may be a normal response to factors such as dietary habits, persistent or severe distension, especially when associated with other symptoms, may indicate an underlying medical condition.

Diagnosis and appropriate treatment involve identifying the specific cause of the distension through medical evaluation, including physical examination, imaging studies, and laboratory tests.

Diagnosing and treating abdominal distension involve identifying the underlying cause through a comprehensive medical evaluation, which may include a physical examination, medical history review, imaging studies (such as ultrasound or CT scans), and laboratory tests. The appropriate treatment will depend on the specific underlying condition contributing to the distension.

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